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Pronouns 'it' and 'there'
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As we said before in lesson 2, English clauses always have a subject: The only time sentences don’t have a subject is for orders or instructions, such as ‘open your book’ ‘Start now’ which is called the imperative. Well will do imperatives later. If we have no other subject we use there or it. We use the pronoun there with numbers or quantities: We use there to say where something is: Now this is important and many students make simple mistakes. So what comes after ‘There’ controls the verb – There is one boy, there are 2 boys’ We use a singular verb if the noun phrase is singular: There is a class this afternoon. It will start at two o’clock. There was only one student on the train this morning. We use a plural verb if the noun phrase is plural: We use ‘there’ with the infinitive. The infinitive is two verbs joined together with ‘to’. For example ‘like to eat’ – ‘want to travel’. And we use ‘there’ with indefinite pronouns such s ‘nothing , someone, nobody’